Last month we trekked out to Minneapolis to resume our project with The Indian Land Tenure Foundation and the Tanka Fund who are continuing their mission to repopulate buffalo in the Great Plains. This trip was geared towards exploring the tremendous historical and cultural significance of buffalo in the Indian community. Nearly all aspects of life i.e. hunting, cooking, teaching, praying, singing and celebrating not only incorporated, but also honored the buffalo. The colonization of North America and the subsequent mass killings of buffalo reduced what was a once thriving population of 50 million to one small herd. While in Minnesota, I was fortunate enough to gain access to Indian artifacts in the Minneapolis Science Museum’s permanent collection. The incredible influence of the buffalo upon the culture of the Plains Indians can be seen through many examples of tribal artistry, as exemplified in the sandstone pipe pictured here.